Quakes and Floods – the Work of the Sun and Moon?
In recent weeks there has been a flurry of new postings online from concerned individuals – and this especially includes those who call themselves Preppies – following the ever-increasing number of earthquakes, killer storms and floods around the globe. Each morning I get news delivered into my Inbox from The Watchers and some days it includes several reports of serious flooding from all over the world: western Europe, eastern Europe, India, China, SE Asia, Africa and the North American continent. However, when I flick on the TV most of this does not make mainstream news.
As for earthquakes, over the past week we have seen large tremors being triggered all along the ‘Ring of Fire’. A magnitude 6.1 quake shook Japan; a magnitude 7.3 earthquake struck Maluku islands in eastern Indonesia, sparking tsunami fears; while a magnitude 6.6 quake hit off the west coast of Australia on Sunday between Port Hedland and Broome. It was the equal-strongest ever recorded in Australia, matching a 6.6 quake in Tennant Creek, Northern Territory in 1988. Just to the north of Australia, Papua New Guinea is well-known for its seismic activity and another strong earthquake registered there at 6.2, in New Britain, on 15 July.
These come about a week after the USA was hit by the two largest earthquakes that it has experienced in more than twenty years. The back-to-back quakes, of magnitude 6.4 and 7.1, hit California in less than 24 hours last week, and seismologists have warned of an increased chance of more shaking in the near future. Los Angeles sits atop the San Andreas fault. A 7.8 earthquake along the southern section could cause about 1,800 deaths and $213 billion in damage. A little further north, the city of Berkeley is said to be at risk of a magnitude 7 quake on the Hayward fault, which scientists estimate could kill 800 people and injure 18,000. A magnitude 4.6 earthquake shook Seattle and the Puget Sound region on Friday – it is part of the Cascadia subduction zone, and the risk of a magnitude 8.0 or higher earthquake there is said to be as high as 37%. Meanwhile, a milder 4.0 quake shook Montana.
Looking at the entire planet, we have averaged 193 earthquakes of magnitude 1.5 or greater per day so far in 2019. Within the last week, the world has experienced an average of more than 677 earthquakes of magnitude 1.5 or greater per day, meaning the number right now is more than 3 times above normal. And the number of significantly large earthquakes is at an extremely high level as well – there have been 121 earthquakes of at least magnitude 4.5 globally within the last seven days. Those with a magnitude 6.0 or greater so far this year stands at a grand total of 84.
Then there are the volcanoes: The most active volcano
in the world is Kilauea in Hawaii, followed by Etna in Italy and Piton de la
Fournaise on La Réunion island. According to The Watchers last weekly
There is new activity/unrest at: Manam, Papua New Guinea | Semisopochnoi, United States | Stromboli, Aeolian Islands (Italy) | Ulawun, New Britain (Papua New Guinea).
There is ongoing activity at: Aira, Kyushu (Japan) | Asosan, Kyushu (Japan) | Colima, Mexico | Dukono, Halmahera (Indonesia) | Ebeko, Paramushir Island (Russia) | Ibu, Halmahera (Indonesia) | Karymsky, Eastern Kamchatka (Russia) | Klyuchevskoy, Central Kamchatka (Russia) | Krakatau, Indonesia | Merapi, Central Java (Indonesia) | Nevados de Chillan, Chile | Sangay, Ecuador | Sangeang Api, Indonesia | Sheveluch, Central Kamchatka (Russia).
In the USA, fears for a super-volcano eruption have been sparked after a recent documentary revealed that scientists are closely monitoring a 465-mile-long piece of molten rock rising below the Yellowstone caldera. An eruption there would be apocalyptic – destabilising financial centres, disrupting air travel, changing the shape of national economies and even threatening peace between nations. Any town or city in the path would be destroyed, and death tolls could reach millions. Coastal communities could be completely wiped out if the lava enters the sea triggering tsunamis.
So, is there some unseen force at play right now, or are all these events just a coincidence? As my readers are aware, my focus is always on the Sun and its interaction with our planet.
The star of our solar system creates the weather. If there was no Sun there would be no weather (and no life) on the Earth. Much research has been conducted over many decades examining how sunspots and other forms of solar activity affect our weather. Some scientists believe there is a connection between weather disturbances and solar activity, and that droughts or floods are the consequence of an unprecedented outburst of solar fury. (To be fair, for each paper published showing a relationship between these events and sunspots, there can usually be found a contradictory paper that pooh-poohs the idea).
As I write this, it is just a few days away from the 50th anniversary of the first moon-landing in 1969. We know that it is not just the Moon that affects ocean tides on Earth, but also the Sun – especially at full & new Moons. There is some evidence that the Moon also influences seismicity. Research published in 2016 suggests that some earthquakes are influenced by the Moon. Studying the frequency of large quakes in Chile, California, and Japan, the researchers discovered that quakes with a magnitude over 5 are more likely to occur during new or full moon when the Sun, Moon, and Earth align. The alignment pulls Earth’s tides over the sea, changing the distribution of mass in an oceanic basin. The changed mass can put extra strain on fault systems located along the edges of continents, like the Cascadia region the Andean subduction zone, and islands, like Japan. The faults are first compressed, like a spring, when the strain is released, the fault, now unclamped, is more likely to slip back, causing a quake.
Solar activity creates reactions in the Earth’s cycles that determine our weather – including rainfall and temperature – as well as planetary upheavals and demonstrable effects in the human body and psyche. As a devotee of the Sun, I am sad to acknowledge the possibility of its potential for destruction, as the result of solar activity combined with changes occurring on Earth. The potentially deadly effects of Coronal Mass Ejections (CMEs) – which are huge balls of plasma – are usually either absorbed by our upper atmosphere or deflected by the cloak of magnetism that surrounds us. But when the magnetic surge is too strong, it causes great electrical currents to flow across the globe, with the potential of destroying power transformers and rendering power plants inoperable. Now that we live in a high-tech world, this has the potential to greatly disrupt our lives, especially the rapid worldwide communication system we have come to rely on so heavily.
Then there is another possibility that I have written much about: a Grand Solar Minimum causing another mini ice-age. Recently discovered long-term oscillations of the solar background magnetic field associated with double dynamo waves generated in inner and outer layers of the Sun indicate that the solar activity is heading in the next three decades (2019–2055) to a Modern grand minimum similar to the one known as the ‘Maunder’.
A new model of the solar cycle is producing unprecedentedly accurate predictions of irregularities within the Sun’s 11-year ‘heartbeat’, suggesting that solar activity will fall by 60% during the 2030s, to conditions last seen during the ‘mini ice-age’ that began in 1645. Magnetic wave components appear in pairs, originating in two different layers in the Sun’s interior. They both have a frequency of approximately 11 years and are offset in time. Over the cycle, the waves fluctuate between the northern and southern hemispheres of the Sun.
In addition to the 11-year cycles, the Sun’s output increases and decreases over periods of 100 to 200 years. Right now, we’re heading towards the lower end of this cycle – last seen during the ‘Maunder Minimum’ which ended three hundred years ago. This coincided with colder winters in the UK and Europe, when so-called ‘frost fairs’ were sometimes held on a frozen River Thames.
John L. Casey, a former White House national space policy advisor, NASA headquarters consultant & space shuttle engineer, is also a leading researcher on the science of solar activity cycles and their impacts on climate change and associated catastrophic geophysical events, including earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions. He wrote the widely acclaimed climate science books “Cold Sun,” “Dark Winter,” and “Upheaval! – Why Catastrophic Earthquakes Will Soon Strike the United States.” He asserts we are on the downside of the 206-year solar cycle. Theoretical astrophysicist Valentina Zharkova – whose work is easily accessible on You Tube – predicts a Modern Grand Solar Minimum due 2020 – 2055. She says the reduced solar activity could possibly cause a mini ice age similar to the Maunder Minimum in just 15 years from now. Scientist and author Rolf Witzsche argues that the next Grand Solar Minimum will in fact be the full Ice Age. He predicts the end result promises to be worse than nuclear war, and more certain, if humanity fails to meet the Ice Age challenge.
Looking ahead to the next solar cycles, the model predicts that the pair of magnetic waves will become increasingly offset in 2022. During the following decade from 2030-2040, the two waves will become very much out of sync – peaking at the same time but in opposite hemispheres of the Sun – and this will cause a significant reduction in solar activity. When there is ‘full phase separation’, we will have the conditions last seen during the Maunder Minimum.
There is no escaping the fact that our world is entering a time of tumultuous upheaval. Even if there were no issues with the weather and seismicity, we are still facing overpopulation (surpassing 10 billion people by the second half of this century), dwindling food and water supplies, pollution of air, seas and waterways and looming economic crises caused by the imbalance in the distribution of wealth, i.e. the majority of humanity soon to be living in poverty. The prospect of pandemic drug-resistant diseases is always a threat. People are already at the stage of pondering the possibility of fallout from nuclear warfare or massive extinction caused by natural or cosmic disaster. And there is the chance we might have to face an issue known as ‘Pole Shift’. Science tells us that the Earth undergoes a full geomagnetic reversal approximately every 100,000 years, and it is overdue to happen again. It appears the poles are shifting in real time right now, and quite quickly.
I’ve said before that making predictions about coming events and dates is fraught with risk, but the notion that the world can continue to sleepwalk on its present course unhindered and unafraid into the coming two decades, is even more dangerous. Even if you are not a Preppie, at least start mentally preparing yourself.